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Volume 52 Issue 5
May 2020
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Citation: Bing SANG. New Youth and the New Culture Movement[J]. Academic Monthly, 2020, 52(5): 163-184. shu

New Youth and the New Culture Movement

  • Abstract: In existing historical narratives, the New Culture Movement was motivated by the magazine New Youth (Xin Qingnian). But actually, the New Culture Movement was promoted by the Kuomintang and the Kiangsu Provincial Educational Association to continue the attack on Duan Qirui and the An Fu Clique after the May Fourth Movement. Thus, in essence, it was a social movement. Among the members of the New Youth, only Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao went with the tide and became advocates of the New Culture Movement. In contrast, Hu Shi opposed the New Culture Movement explicitly, and even blamed it for disrupting the New Thought Movement. Similarly, the other members also did not approve of the mass social and political movement. Consequently, except when Zhang Shizhao and the intellectuals of the Xue Heng School attacked the New Culture Movement fiercely, they rarely wrote or acted in response to it. However, the New Youth was influential in the New Culture Movement in terms of new thoughts. In return, the New Culture Movement contributed to the nation-wide flow of the new currents of thoughts (Xin Sichao). Moreover, public opinions at the time usually regarded the members of the New Youth as leaders of the New Culture Movement. Accordingly, later historians were misled about the historical sequence of the May Fourth Movement and the New Culture Movement, which resulted in neglect of the disagreements among the members of the New Youth and the contradictions between two ways of innovation and progress in modern China.
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    1. [1]

      Zhongmin ZHANG . Making the Idol of the New Culture: Hu Shi and His Readers. Academic Monthly, 2020, 52(12): 158-173.

    2. [2]

      Jiagui XU . Nanking Higher Normal School-Southeast University and the New Culture Movement. Academic Monthly, 2022, 54(6): 192-208.

    3. [3]

      Ping HE . New Culture Movement and the Opening of Sinicization of Marxist Philosophy. Academic Monthly, 2022, 54(1): 11-24.

    4. [4]

      Jianwei WANG . Reexamination of Hu Shi’s “Outdated” image in the 1930s. Academic Monthly, 2023, 55(4): 196-208.

    5. [5]

      SANG Bing . The New Culture Movement and the Flourishing of Publications. Academic Monthly, 2024, 56(3): 196-211.

    6. [6]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2016, 48(04): 158-168.

    7. [7]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2016, 48(09): 20-26.

    8. [8]

      Yuefeng ZHOU . The Modernity Denied by the Future: The First World War and the Making of the Hybridity of May Fourth New Culture Movement. Academic Monthly, 2020, 52(3): 167-178.

    9. [9]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2016, 48(03): 157-164.

    10. [10]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2016, 48(04): 178-185.

    11. [11]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2016, 48(12): 122-135.

    12. [12]

      . . Academic Monthly, 2017, 49(08): 124-131.

    13. [13]

      ZHANG Lingyan . Hu Shi:An “Actual yet Unentitled” Explorer in Modern Chinese Hermeneutics. Academic Monthly, 2024, 56(3): 165-173.

    14. [14]

      Wei CHEN . The Shanghai Style Beijing Opera: An active Advocator and Important Member of the May Fourth New Culture. Academic Monthly, 2019, 51(8): 122-131.

    15. [15]

      PAN Shenyang . The Evolution of Contemporary European and American Thought on “Common”. Academic Monthly, 2024, 56(4): 89-102.

    16. [16]

      Kang LIU . From Post-isms to Identity Politics: Reflections on American Humanities Today. Academic Monthly, 2020, 52(2): 129-141.

    17. [17]

      Bo WANG . Division of Career: Reflections on the Cultural Movement after the May Fourth Movement. Academic Monthly, 2021, 53(10): 205-216.

    18. [18]

      Feng Yujie . . Academic Monthly, 2018, 50(5): 138-153.

    19. [19]

      Guojun XIA . Naturalist and Anti-naturalist Fractals of American Philosophical Holism. Academic Monthly, 2021, 53(10): 45-59.

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      Fan NAN . Intergeneration and Class: Theoretical Coordinates of Youth Image. Academic Monthly, 2018, 50(10): 118-129.

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        New Youth and the New Culture Movement

        Abstract: Abstract: In existing historical narratives, the New Culture Movement was motivated by the magazine New Youth (Xin Qingnian). But actually, the New Culture Movement was promoted by the Kuomintang and the Kiangsu Provincial Educational Association to continue the attack on Duan Qirui and the An Fu Clique after the May Fourth Movement. Thus, in essence, it was a social movement. Among the members of the New Youth, only Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao went with the tide and became advocates of the New Culture Movement. In contrast, Hu Shi opposed the New Culture Movement explicitly, and even blamed it for disrupting the New Thought Movement. Similarly, the other members also did not approve of the mass social and political movement. Consequently, except when Zhang Shizhao and the intellectuals of the Xue Heng School attacked the New Culture Movement fiercely, they rarely wrote or acted in response to it. However, the New Youth was influential in the New Culture Movement in terms of new thoughts. In return, the New Culture Movement contributed to the nation-wide flow of the new currents of thoughts (Xin Sichao). Moreover, public opinions at the time usually regarded the members of the New Youth as leaders of the New Culture Movement. Accordingly, later historians were misled about the historical sequence of the May Fourth Movement and the New Culture Movement, which resulted in neglect of the disagreements among the members of the New Youth and the contradictions between two ways of innovation and progress in modern China.

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